Different Types of Laminates & Their Application

Laminate is a hard and brittle sheets having thickness around 1mm used to overlay on wooden furniture’s which gives furniture more fine and attractive look. These Laminates are water resistant, abrasion resistant and scratch resistant and gives decorative look to furniture. Size of laminate sheet available in market is 8 feet X 4 feet and generally thickness is vary from 0.6mm to 1.5mm.

Laminates can be classified into various types based on the following:

  1. Based on Manufacturing Process
  2. Based on Usage
  3. Based on Surface Finish
  4. Based on Advanced Properties
  5. Based on Built

    Types of Laminates

    A. Classification Based on Manufacturing Process

    1. Low Pressure Laminates

    In low pressure laminate decorative paper is soaked in melamine resins and dried naturally and then it will bonded over MDF,HDF or Particle Board with heat activated glue and laminator having a heat rollers for consistent and fine bond.

    2. High Pressure Laminates

    High Pressure laminates are hard decorative sheets which fixed on plywood and MDF using Adhesive and pressed using cold process.

    B. Classification Based on Usage

    1. Decorative Laminates

    Decorative Laminates are mainly used for decorate and protect furniture. These laminates give premium finish, touch and feel. They can mainly use in conference rooms, Home interiors, walls etc. to give it attractive and auspicious look.

    2. Industrial Laminates

    Industrial Laminate have higher resistance against scratch and wear and tear. They are more durable to use in Industrial areas. They can mainly use in office cabinetries, office furniture’s etc. Circuit boards are made using Industrial Laminates.

    C. Classification Based on Surface Finish

    1. Matt Finish Laminates

    It creates matt like effect on laminate surface. It mostly used in Corporate and business offices which gives subtle but stylish finish to the furniture.

    2. Glossy Finish Laminates

    It creates glossy effect on laminate surface. Glossy finished laminates create print on it more eye catchy and attractive than matt finish. These types of laminates are used in clubs or event industry and they are also suitable to use in kitchen as it makes cleaning more easily.

    3. Mettalic Finish Laminates

    As name indicates it gives metallic look to furniture’s. This laminates are more durable and glossy. These laminates are mainly used in commercials and showrooms.

    4. Texture Finish Laminates

    In these type of laminate when you touch it you can feel texture of the laminate. These laminates create impressive impact on furniture. These type of laminates are used in corporate offices, commercials etc. in which they create subtle and classy look.

    5. Solid Color Lamiantes

    These type of laminate have single solid color without any prints or textures on it. They are mainly used in kitchen counter tops and Bathroom areas.

    6. Digital finish Laminates

    Digital Laminates are actually the customized printed laminates for interior. Which offers architects and designers an easy, simple and reliable mode of artistic expression. 

    D. Classification Based on Advanced Properties

    1. Fire Retardant Laminates

    These are fire resistive laminate. It used in fire prone areas like kitchen, Industries etc.

    2. Anti-Bacterial Laminates

    These laminates are mainly used in hospitals as first priority is for hygiene. These laminates are bacterial resistant.

    3. Electrostatic dissipative Laminates

    These laminates are used in electronic assembly for manufacturing circuit board.

    4. Magnetic Laminates

    Magnetic Laminate, an innovative high pressure decorative laminate which has an unique property of holding magnet. These laminates can use in offices for holding reports, notice boards etc. In Hospital it can used for holding operation schedule, charts, reports etc. and in houses it can used in bedroom for holding photographs, Schedules, planning’s etc.

    5. Mark or Chalk board Laminates

    These laminates have non-porous Glossy White laminate surface which gives excellent properties for marker pens for writing, wiping and rewriting. These laminates have extra thickness with abrasive resistant property.

    E. Classification of Laminate Based on Built

    1. Unicore Laminate

    These laminates have attractive and edge lining laminate matching to surface facing. It creates neat and even look to the work piece. These laminates Avoids usage of un-matched plastic edge Bandar.

    2. Non Core lamiante

    In these type of laminate edge of laminate is generally black i.e. wood. These laminates are economical than Unicore laminate.

    Recommended Use of Laminate Based on Its Type

    Types of LaminatePreferred areas
    Matt Finish LaminateCorporate and Business offices, Living Room , Bedroom etc. for subtle and stylish look
    Glossy Finish Laminate

    Clubs, event Industry, Showrooms, Kitchen etc.

    It gives glossy effect to furniture and it’s also very easy to clean.

    Metallic Finish LaminateCommercials and showrooms
    Textured Finish LaminateLiving Room , Decorative Units, Corporate , Business offices etc. for subtle and classy look
    Solid Color LaminateKitchen Counter taps, Bathroom Areas, Bedroom etc.
    Unicore LaminateKitchen , Bedroom, Commercials and water prone areas etc. as it has a single core they are good water restive.

    The above table has to be used as a general guideline. You can choose laminate of various finishes, Design and colours anywhere in your home to give your furniture a great look.